As a mobile veterinary practice, our vets have become familiar with cats’ unique and independent personalities. Unlike dogs, cats can be harder to read, and their body language is often more subtle.

However, understanding your cat's body language is just as important as understanding your dog's, as it can help you better communicate with your pet and build a stronger bond.

We’ll explore the different body language cues cats use to communicate and what they might mean.

1. Tail Position 


A cat’s tail position can convey a lot about a cat’s mood. A relaxed tail held upright or with a slight curve at the tip indicates that a cat is feeling content and relaxed.

However, a tail held high and puffed up may indicate that a cat is feeling threatened or aggressive.

A tail tucked between the legs indicates fear or submission, and a rapidly twitching tail is often a sign of agitation or excitement.

1. Ears 


A cat's ears are another important mood indicator. Ears that are perked up and facing forward indicate that a cat is alert and interested.

Ears that are flattened against the head may indicate fear, anxiety, or aggression.

A cat with relaxed, slightly backward-facing ears is usually calm and content.

3. Eyes

A cat’s eye contact can also tell you a lot about their feelings. A cat that is relaxed and comfortable will have soft, half-closed eyes.

A cat that is feeling threatened or aggressive may have wide, staring eyes with dilated pupils. 

4. Body Posture


A cat's body posture can communicate their mental and physical state. A cat that is standing tall, with tail up and ears forward, is likely feeling confident and assertive.

A cat that is hunched over with a tucked tail and tense body is likely feeling fearful or submissive.

A cat that is lying down on their back with their belly exposed may be indicating submission, trust, or the desire to be petted, but this can also be a sign of aggression or discomfort.

5. Purring

One of the unique features of cats is their ability to purr. Purring is often associated with contentment and relaxation, but in rare cases, a cat might purr due to anxiety or pain. The context in which a cat is purring and any other exhibited body language cues are important indicators of mood. 

6. Vocalizations

Finally, cats’ vocalizations can also signify their state of mind. Meowing, hissing, growling, and yowling can all indicate different emotions, from playfulness to aggression.

Vocalizations can also indicate pain, so you should consult your veterinarian if your cat is meowing or yowling more than usual or is showing other signs of not feeling well. Pay attention to your cat’s vocalizations’ tone, volume, and frequency.

Importance of Reading Your Cat’s Body Language

Understanding your cat's body language can be especially helpful when predicting their behavior in certain situations and becoming aware of something wrong. Reading your cat’s mood is especially helpful when your cat is:

Meeting New Pets and People

Introducing your cat to a new pet or people can be stressful, especially if he or she is not used to socializing. By watching your cat's body language during these introductions, you can get a sense of how your cat is feeling and intervene if necessary.

If your cat's tail is twitching rapidly or ears are flattened, for example, he or she may be feeling fearful or threatened and may need some extra reassurance from you. 

Grooming Themselves

Cats spend a significant portion of their day grooming themselves, but sometimes, excessive grooming can be a sign of stress or anxiety. If your cat is overgrooming or grooming one particular area obsessively, this behavior may indicate an underlying medical issue, skin allergy, or emotional distress.


Cats love to play, and it's important to monitor their body language during playtime. Sometimes, what may seem like playful behavior to humans may actually be a sign of aggression or discomfort.

For example, if a cat's ears are flattened or their tail twitching rapidly while playing, they may feel overwhelmed or threatened. Paying attention to your cat's body language during playtime can help prevent injuries or stress.

Feeling Sick or Are in Pain

Cats are known for their ability to hide illness and pain, but their body language can often reveal underlying health issues.

If your cat is lethargic, hiding from you, or exhibiting any other unusual behavior, it's important to monitor their body language for other signs of pain or discomfort.

For example, if your cat is hunched over, avoiding movement, or vocalizing when touched, it may indicate that they are in pain and require medical attention. Always reach out to your vet when you have concerns.

By understanding your cat's body language, you can help identify potential health issues and seek appropriate treatment before these issues become more serious.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why does my cat scratch and bite me?

Kittens bite and scratch as a normal part of teething and development, but if not trained early, they will not know that this behavior is inappropriate and will continue into adulthood. Sometimes cats may bite when they want you to stop petting them, and you don’t immediately pick up on their cues and body language.

While some cats love to be petted on their heads, ears, and body, cats can become overstimulated, and biting is one way to communicate this. Cats may also bite gently as a sign of affection. 

A kitten or cat may scratch to be playful, but also when they are feeling annoyed or aggressive. An annoyed cat will express their feelings by pulling its ears back and lashing its tail. If these signs go unnoticed, your cat may scratch or bite.

Pay attention to your cat’s triggers and avoid them in the future. Learn what your cat likes and dislikes to avoid being scratched or bit. 

Why does my cat rub their head on me? 

This behavior is called “face nuzzling,” and cats do this to leave their scent. Cats have scent glands all over their body and rub their scent on you to show that they are bonded to you. 

Why does my cat lick me?

Licking is a sign of affection and care from your cat. Mother cats groom their kittens, and cats groom themselves and others as a sign that they care about you. Remember to watch for signs of your cat’s triggers, as licking can sometimes lead to biting.


Learning to understand your cat’s body language can help strengthen your bond, avoid behavior problems, and signal when you should consult a veterinarian. Cats are notorious for disliking pet carriers and car rides, so consider booking a telemedicine consultation or home visit appointment instead.